Glossary

Archwire

A wire engaged in orthodontic braces/brackets. Archwires cause and guide tooth movement.

Back to Top

Band (orthodontic)

A thin metal ring, usually stainless steel, which serves to secure orthodontic attachments (braces/brackets) to a tooth. The band, with a bracket welded or soldered to it, is closely adapted to fit the contours of the tooth and then cemented into place. Bands are normally only attached to back (molar) teeth.

Back to Top

Bracket

An orthodontic attachment that is secured to a tooth (either by bonding or banding) for the purpose of engaging an arch wire. Brackets can be fabricated from metal, ceramic, or plastic.

Back to Top

Ceramic brackets

Crystalline alumina tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal brackets.

Back to Top

Crowding

Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.

Back to Top

Debanding

The removal of orthodontic bands or brackets.

Back to Top

Elastics (rubber bands)

Elastics are worn between the upper and lower teeth to correct the bite.

Back to Top

Gingiva

The tissue that surrounds the teeth.

Back to Top

Headgear

Generic term for extraoral traction. Headgear is used for growth modification, tooth movement, and anchorage.

Back to Top

Herbst appliance

Fixed appliance designed commonly for overbite problems.

Back to Top

Imaging

The process of acquiring representations of structures in either two or three dimensions. In orthodontics, this commonly refers to x-rays, photographs and study models (impressions/molds).

Back to Top

Lingual

A term used to describe surfaces and directions toward the tongue.

Back to Top

Lingual appliances

Orthodontic appliances fixed to the lingual surface of the teeth.

Back to Top

Maxillary

Of or pertaining to the upper jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances, or facial structures.

Back to Top

Orthodontist

A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course, accredited by the American Dental Association, of at least two academic years in the special area of orthodontics following completion of dental school.

Back to Top

Orthognathic Surgery

Surgery to alter relationships of teeth and/or supporting bones, usually accomplished in conjunction with orthodontic therapy.

Back to Top

Overbite

Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth.

Back to Top

Radiograph

A permanent image, typically on film, produced by ionizing radiation. Sometimes called an x-ray after the most common source of image-producing radiation.

Back to Top

Retainer

Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment.

Back to Top

Retention

The treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retainers are used.

Back to Top

Queen Creek: 20261 E. Ocotillo Rd., Suite 130 | Queen Creek, AZ 85142 | 480.987.9494 | View Our Google Reviews
Mesa: 2835 E. Brown Rd., Suite 102 | Mesa, AZ 85213 | 480.832.38304 | View Our Google Reviews
Chandler/Gilbert: 3220 S. Gilbert Rd., Suite 1 | Chandler, AZ 85286 | 480.987.94944 | View Our Google Reviews
Site Map   2017 © All Rights ReservedPrivacy PolicyOrthodontic Website Design By: TeleVox®   Administration